Mexico eyes increased agriculture trade with Brazil

The Mexican agricultural sector appears to be looking for increased trading with South American neighbours in order to support the country’s demand for sources such as corn, a majority of which is supplied from the United States.

This comes at the same time as a press conference this Monday July 24, where UN Food and Agriculture Organisation representative Alan Bojanic predicted that by 2050, Brazil will host approximately 70% of the world’s land growth for crops.

As a result, Brazil alone will see 49 million hectares of land growth out of a total 69 million hectares across the globe.

Environmentalists and health experts have warned that agricultural expansion to make way for crop cultivation is already an established problem in Brazil, as a large contributor to deforestation as well as unmonitored pesticide poisoning.

Today, it was announced that this problem is only set to get worse, as a group of Brazilian farmers from major corn delegation Abramilho have been invited to a meeting in Mexico in order to discuss the possibility of the country replacing the US as a provider of corn, reported Reuters.

Speaking to Reuters at the Global Agribusiness forum in São Paulo, chief of Abramilho Sergio Bortolozzo reported that the Mexican government’s invitation to the group of Brazilian farmers showed that Mexico “was looking for alternative suppliers.”

According to a New York Times article published in 2017, much of Mexico’s corn supply currently comes from the US, despite the fact that it is one of the country’s biggest commodities and certainly one of the most consumed crops.

In fact, 2016 saw US $2.6 billion worth of corn shipments recorded from the US to Mexico, meaning exportation of the crop makes up an important part of the trade relationship between the two countries.

However, since last year’s breakdown of NAFTA (North American Trade Agreement) negotiations between soon-to-be-replaced Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto and US President Donald Trump, Mexican traders have been looking to build relationships elsewhere.

After the United States, Brazil is the world’s second largest exporter of corn. In fact, government data shows that last year, a record 29.25 million tonnes were exported, say the Brazilian Ministry of Industry, Foreign Trade and Services (MDIC).

It is within reason, therefore, that Mexico would look to South America’s largest country in order to continue feeding their tortilla enthusiasm. 

Meanwhile, relations between the US and Mexico’s new President-elect AMLO look to be improving, as recent reports have alluded to the fact that NAFTA negotiations may be concluded by the end of this year, after the agreement was originally signed in 1994.

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